As attorneys know, authorized methods in nations all over the world typically fall into one of two main categories: frequent legislation systems and civil legislation systems. The decisions of a court are binding only in a specific jurisdiction , and even inside a given jurisdiction, some courts have extra energy than others. By the late Middle Ages, these two laws, civil and canon, have been taught at most universities and shaped the basis of a shared physique of authorized thought frequent to most of Europe.
In contrast, in civil law jurisdictions, courts give the writings of regulation professors important weight, partly as a result of civil law selections historically had been very transient, typically not more than a paragraph stating who wins and who loses.
For we know that the common law is that system of legislation which was introduced by the Saxons on their settlement in England, and altered sometimes by correct legislative authority from that time to the date of Magna Carta, which terminates the interval of the widespread law, or lex non scripta, and commences that of the statute regulation, or Lex Scripta.
That delight, maybe blended with envy inspired by the up to date European motion toward codification, resulted within the first systematic, analytic treatise on English frequent regulation: William Blackstone’s (1723-1780) Commentaries on the Laws of England.